Learn how and when to remove this template message Tse, who has German and Chinese heritage, grew up in New York City.
After graduating from Dartmouth, he worked for the Peace Corps as a schoolteacher in Nepal, studied philosophy of mind at the University of KonstanzGermany, and worked for Kobe Steel Corporation in Japan.
He joined Dartmouth's faculty in In the domain of mid-level vision his group has worked on deciphering the rapid form-motion computations that go into the construction of subsequent conscious visual experience.
His group focuses on visual illusions because they are mistakes made by the visual system that can inform us about the nature of processing that goes into the construction of conscious experience. In the field of high-level vision and attention, Tse's group has focused on two main directions: the influence of top-down volitional operations on visual experience, and the nature of volitional mental operations that go into the construction of internal virtual experience or imagination.
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In his work on the neural basis of the human imagination, he has emphasized the importance of volitional and non-volitional verb-like mental operations over noun-like representations, such as imagined visual objects. Using fMRI, his group has argued that representations and operations can be decoded by creating classifiers in one part of the brain, and applying them to different parts of the brain.
In particular, the model of working memory operations that emerges suggests that traditional models of working memory, such as Baddely's, are too modular and hierarchical.
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Philosophy of neuroscience[ edit ] In his book The Neural Basis of Free Will,  Tse focused on the question of opțiunea tse causation, in particular the proposition that mental events and information in general, as in genetics can be downwardly causal even though realized in, or opțiunea tse upon, physical events.
Exclusion argument: He challenged the Exclusion Argument EA of Jaegwon Kim, according to which causal efficacy resides solely in the physical domain of the rootmost level of cumpărați opțiunea de schimb, by arguing that the EA opțiunea tse not hold if indeterminism is the case.
Information is downwardly causal, not as a force, he argues, but by filtering out possible paths that are opțiunea tse at the particle level which are not consistent with informational criteria.
Possible physical particle-level paths which do not meet high-level informational criteria are effectively filtered out by a criterial assessment. Thus information is causal, not as a force, or via attributes such as impact or force, but is causal as a filter on what possibilities can become real. Criterial causation: Tse gets around the impossibility of self-causation i.
The neural code: Tse argues that thinking of the neural code as one where neural spikes trigger neural spikes, much like billiard balls triggering motion in other billiard balls, is misleading and incomplete. He argues that the neural code is in fact as much a synaptic reweighting i.
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For example, if commanded to think of a woman politician, people will name whichever one comes to mind first. Tse argues that the human brain realizes both types 3 and 2 free will, whereas other animals, such as a tiger, realize type 2 only.
As such, Tse is an incompatibilist regarding definitions 2 and 3and a compatibilist regarding definition 1. He believes indeterminism is the case, so falls in the camp of Free Will Libertarianism along with philosophers such as Robert Kane.
For example, a tiger, seeing a tapir in the Sumatran jungle can internally weigh various possible paths toward capturing the tapir given criteria such as path and effort minimization and stealth maximization.
As such, Tse views the human imagination to be the central engine of free will, when combined with the physical and motivational wherewithal to realize imagined futures.
In contrast, he has argued that the Libet experiments where preceding brain activity can be used to decode picking this versus that option, such as turning left versus right, or the timing of an event, such as a finger motion, before a person becomes conscious of willing are largely irrelevant to free will, because free will is rooted in imaginative deliberation and choosing, not picking among arbitrary and meaningless alternatives.
Libet's picking paradigm also misses the fundamental importance of willpower in realizing envisioned future paths or future selves, where, for example, a person can envision numerous possible flying machines, but then must also have the determination and perseverance to build that machine, and thereby transform opțiunea tse world, as the Wright brothers did.